Introduction

Introduction

It is a treasure house of some of the most varied fauna and flora, both terrestrial and marine, on the planet. Its rainforest is inhabited by tigers, leopards, elephants, sambar-deer, sun-bears, tapir, rhino and many other wonderful mammals.

It reverberates with the whooping call of the gibbons and the strange cries of the hornbills, the pheasants, the barbets and the babblers. Within this biosphere lie the states of Penang, Perak, Kedah and Trengganu. Collectively it offers vast expanses of untouched rainforest, golden beaches, secluded coral islands and the wonderful living creatures that inhabit them.

The northern peninsula offers a diverse range of habitat types,  including lowland-, montane and mangrove forests, mudflats, pristine beaches, scrubland, rocky-island outcrops and even some of the best diving in the region.

Of the 18 Important Bird Areas in Peninsular Malaysia 9 are to found within the boundaries of these four states.  In all, there are some 640 species of resident avifauna, including 120 common migrant, birds to be found in Peninsular Malaysia.

A great proportion of the endemic birds of Malaysia are restricted to the highlands, Such as Frasers Hill, or Maxwell Hill. A smaller number of endemic also found in lowland forest. Particularly virgin lowland forests are important centres for endemic birds.

With so much on offer this area must surely excite and fulfill any nature traveller’s holiday.  we will try to record all birds spotted and publish pictures whenever possible.
MALAYA: 748 species

  • Little Grebe or Dabchick Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei
  • Bulwer’s Petrel Bulweria bulwerii
  • Streaked Shearwater Calonectris leucomelas
  • Wedge-tailed Shearwater Puffinus pacificus
  • Wilson’s Storm-Petrel Oceanites oceanicus
  • winhoe’s Storm-Petrel  Oceanodroma monorhis
  • Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus
  • White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus
  • Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus
  • Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis
  • Masked Booby Sula dactylatra
  • Red-footed Booby Sula sula rubripes
  • Brown Booby Sula leucogaster plotus
  • Little Black Cormorant Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
  • Great or White-breasted Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis
  • Indian Cormorant Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
  • Little or Javanese Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
  • Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
  • Christmas Island Frigatebird Fregata andrewsi
  • Great Frigatebird Fregata minor minor
  • Lesser Frigatebird Fregata ariel ariel
  • Grey Heron Ardea cinerea jouyi
  • Great-billed or Sumatran Heron  Ardea sumatrana sumatrana
  • Purple Heron Ardea purpurea purpurea
  • Great Egret Egretta alba modesta
  • Intermediate or Yellow-billed Egret Ardea intermedia intermedia
  • Little Egret Egretta garzetta nigripes
  • Chinese or Swinhoe’s Egret Egretta eulophotes
  • Pacific or Eastern Reef-Egret Egretta sacra sacra
  • Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis coromandus
  • Chinese Pond-Heron Ardeola bacchus
  • Javan Pond-Heron Ardeola speciosa continentalis
  • Striated or Little Heron Butorides striatus javanicus
  • Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax
  • Rufous or Nankeen Night-Heron  Nycticorax caledonicus
  • Malayan Night-Heron  Gorsachius melanolophus
  • Yellow or Chinese Little Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis
  • Shrenck’s or Von Shrenck’s Bittern Ixobrychus eurhythmus
  • Cinnamon or Chestnut Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
  • Black Bittern Ixobrychus flavicollis flavicollis
  • Great or Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris stellaris
  • Storm’s Stork Ciconia stormi
  • Woolly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
  • Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus
  • Milky Stork Mycteria cinerea
  • Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
  • Black-headed or Oriental Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
  • Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
  • White-shouldered Ibis Pseudibis davisoni
  • Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia
  • Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
  • White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata
  • Cotton Pygmy-Goose Nettapus coromandelianus coromandelianus
  • Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
  • Common Teal Anas crecca crecca
  • Northern Pintail Anas acuta
  • Garganey Anas querquedula
  • Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
  • Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula
  • Osprey Pandion haliaetus haliaetus
  • Jerdon’s Baza or Cuckoo-Hawk Aviceda jerdoni borneensis
  • Black Baza or Cuckoo-Hawk Aviceda leuphotes
  • Oriental or Crested Honey-Buzzard Pernis ptilorhyncus orientalis; P.p.torquatus
  • Bat Hawk Macheiramphus alcinus alcinus
  • Black-winged or shouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus vociferus
  • Black Kite Milvus migrans govinda
  • Black-eared Kite Milvus lineatus
  • Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus indus; H.i.intermedius
  • White-bellied Sea-Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster
  • Lesser Fish-Eagle Ichthyophaga humilis humilis
  • Grey-headed Fish-Eagle Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus
  • White-rumped Vulture  Gyps bengalensis
  • Indian Vulture Gyps indicus
  • Himalayan Griffon Vulture Gyps himalayensis
  • Cinereous, Black or Monk Vulture Aegypius monachus
  • Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus
  • Short-toed Snake-Eagle Circaetus gallicus
  • Crested Serpent-Eagle Spilornis cheela malayensis; S.c.pallidus
  • Mountain or Kinabalu Serpent-Eagle Spilornis kinabaluensis
  • Northern or Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus
  • Pied Harrier Circus melanoleucos
  • Western or Eurasian Marsh-Harrier Circus aeruginosus aeruginosus
  • Eastern Marsh or New Guinea Pied Harrier Circus spilonotus
  • Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus indicus; A.t.microstictus
  • Shikra or Little Banded Goshawk Accipiter badius poliopsis
  • Chinese Goshawk Accipiter soloensis
  • Japanese Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis gularis
  • Besra Accipiter virgatus rufotibialis
  • Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
  • Grey-faced Buzzard Butastur indicus
  • Common Buzzard Buteo buteo japonicus
  • Black Eagle Ictinaetus malayensis malayensis
  • Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga
  • Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis nipalensis
  • Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca
  • Booted Eagle Aquila pennatus
  • Rufous-bellied Eagle Aquila kienerii formosus
  • Changeable Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus cirrhatus limnaeetus
  • Blyth’s Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus alboniger
  • Wallace’s Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus nanus nanus
  • Black-thighed Falconet Microhierax fringillarius
  • White-fronted Falconet Microhierax latifrons
  • Common or Eurasian Kestrel Falco tinnunculus interstinctus
  • Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo subbuteo
  • Oriental Hobby Falco severus severus
  • Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus japonensis; F.p.ernesti
  • Tabon Scrubfowl Megapodius cumingii
  • Ferruginous Partridge Caloperdix oculea oculea; C.o.borneensis
  • Black Partridge Melanoperdix nigra borneensis
  • Crested Partridge  Rollulus rouloul
  • Long-billed Partridge Rhizothera longirostris longirostris
  • Bar-backed Partridge Arborophila brunneopectus
  • Chestnut-necklaced Partridge Arborophila charltonii charltonii; A.c.graydoni
  • Malaysian Partridge Arborophila campbelli
  • Red-breasted or Bornean Partridge Arborophila hyperythra hyperythra; A.h.erythrophrys
  • Scaly-breasted Partridge Arborophila chloropus
  • Crimson-headed Partridge Haematortyx sanguiniceps
  • Blue-breasted or King Quail Coturnix chinensis chinensis; C.c.lineata
  • Barred Button-Quail Turnix suscitator atrogularis
  • Great Argus Argusianus argus argus; A.a.grayi
  • Malaysian Argus Rheinardia nigrescens
  • Crested Fireback Lophura ignita nobilis; L.i.rufa
  • Crestless Fireback Lophura erythrophthalma erythrophthalma; L.e.pyronota
  • Bulwer’s Pheasant Lophura bulweri
  • Bornean Peacock-Pheasant Polyplectron schleiermacheri
  • Malayan Peacock-Pheasant Polyplectron malacense
  • Mountain Peacock-Pheasant Polyplectron inopinatum
  • Green Peafowl Pavo muticus
  • Red Junglefowl  Gallus gallus spadiceus
  • Masked Finfoot Heliopais personata
  • Red-legged Crake Rallina fasciata
  • Slaty-legged Crake  Rallina eurizonoides telmatophila
  • Slaty-breasted Rail Gallirallus striatus albiventer; G.s.gularis
  • Water Rail Rallus aquaticus indicus
  • White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus phoenicurus
  • Baillon’s Crake  Porzana pusilla pusilla
  • Ruddy-breasted Crake Porzana fusca fusca
  • Band-bellied Crake Porzana paykullii
  • White-browed Crake Porzana cinerea
  • Watercock  Gallicrex cinerea
  • Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio viridis; P.p.indicus
  • Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus chloropus; G.c.orientalis
  • Common or Eurasian Coot Fulica atra atra
  • Sarus Crane Grus antigone
  • Comb-crested Jacana Irediparra gallinacea gallinacea
  • Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
  • Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
  • Greater Painted-Snipe  Rostratula benghalensis benghalensis
  • Crab Plover Dromas ardeola
  • Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus himantopus
  • Pied or White-headed Stilt Himantopus leucocephalus
  • Beach Thick-knee or Stone-curlew Esacus neglectus
  • Australian Pratincole Stiltia isabella
  • Oriental Pratincole  Glareola maldivarum
  • Small or Little Pratincole  Glareola lactea
  • Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malarbaricus
  • Grey-headed Lapwing Vanellus cinereus
  • Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus atronuchalis
  • Pacific Golden-Plover Pluvialis fulva
  • Pacific Golden-Plover Pluvialis fulva
  • Grey or Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola
  • Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula
  • Long-billed Plover Charadrius placidus
  • Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius jerdoni; C.d.curonicus
  • Kentish or Snowy Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Malaysian Plover Charadrius peronii
  • Mongolian or Lesser Sand-Plover  Charadrius mongolus atrifrons; C.m.schaeferi
  • Greater Sand-Plover Charadrius leschenaultii
  • Oriental Plover Charadrius veredus
  • Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa melanuroides
  • Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica baueri
  • Little Curlew Numenius minutus
  • Whimbrel  Numenius phaeopus variegatus
  • Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata orientalis
  • Far Eastern or Eastern Curlew Numenius madagascariensis
  • Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
  • Common Redshank Tringa totanus
  • Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
  • Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia
  • Spotted or Nordman’s Greenshank Tringa guttifer
  • Green Sandpiper  Tringa ochropus
  • Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
  • Terek Sandpiper Tringa cinerea
  • Common Sandpiper Tringa hypoleucos
  • Grey-tailed Tattler Tringa brevipes
  • Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres
  • Red-necked or Northern Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus
  • Red or Grey Phalarope  Phalaropus fulicarius
  • Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticola
  • Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola
  • Pintail Snipe or Pin-tailed Snipe Gallinago stenura
  • Swinhoe’s Snipe Gallinago megala
  • Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
  • Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus
  • Red Knot Calidris canutus
  • Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris
  • Sanderling  Calidris alba
  • Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis
  • Little Stint Calidris minuta
  • Temminck’s Stint Calidris temminckii
  • Long-toed Stint Calidris subminuta
  • Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata
  • Dunlin Calidris alpina sakhalina
  • Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
  • Spoonbill Sandpiper Eurynorhynchus pygmeus
  • Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus sibirica
  • Ruff Philomachus pugnax
  • Pomarine Skua or Jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus
  • Arctic Skua or Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus
  • Siberian or Heuglin’s Gull Larus heuglini
  • Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
  • Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
  • Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus anaethetus
  • Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscata nubilosa
  • Little Tern Sternula albifrons sinensis
  • Caspian Tern  Hydroprogne caspia
  • Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida
  • White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus
  • Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica affinis
  • River Tern Sterna aurantia
  • Common Tern Sterna hirundo tibetana; S.h.longipennis
  • Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii bangsi
  • Black-naped Tern Sterna sumatrana sumatrana
  • Great Crested or Crested Tern Sterna bergii velox
  • Lesser Crested Tern  Sterna bengalensis
  • Chinese Crested Tern Sterna bernsteini
  • Brown or Common Noddy Anous stolidus pileatus
  • Black Noddy Anous minutus worcesteri
  • Feral Pigeon Columba livia feral (introduced)
  • Silvery Wood-Pigeon Columba argentina
  • Metallic or White-throated Pigeon Columba vitiensis anthracina
  • Spotted Dove  Streptopelia chinensis tigrina
  • Red Collared-Dove Streptopelia tranquebarica humilis
  • Island Collared-Dove Streptopelia bitorquata dusumieri
  • Barred Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia unchall unchall
  • Ruddy Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia emiliana borneensis
  • Little Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia ruficeps malayana; M.r.nana
  • Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica indica
  • Zebra or Barred Ground Dove Geopelia striata
  • Nicobar Pigeon Caloenas nicobarica nicobarica
  • Cinnamon-headed Green-Pigeon Treron fulvicollis fulvicollis
  • Little Green-Pigeon  Treron olax
  • Pink-necked Green-Pigeon  Treron vernans vernans
  • Orange-breasted Green-Pigeon Treron bicincta bicincta
  • Thick-billed Green-Pigeon  Treron curvisrostra curvisrostra
  • Large Green-Pigeon  Treron capellei magnirostris
  • Yellow-vented Green-Pigeon Treron seimundi seimundi
  • Wedge-tailed Green-Pigeon Treron sphenura robinsoni
  • Jambu Fruit-Dove Ptilinopus jambu
  • Black-naped Fruit-Dove Ptilinopus melanospila banueyensis
  • Green Imperial-Pigeon Ducula aenea polia
  • Grey Imperial-Pigeon Ducula pickeringii
  • Mountain Imperial-Pigeon Ducula badia badia
  • Pied Imperial-Pigeon Ducula bicolor bicolor
  • Blue-rumped Parrot Psittinus cyanurus cyanurus
  • Blue-naped Parrot Tanygnathus lucionensis talautensis
  • Blue-crowned Hanging-Parrot Loriculus galgulus
  • Ring-necked Parakeet Psittacula krameri (introduced)
  • Red-breasted Parakeet Psittacula alexandri
  • Long-tailed or Pink-cheeked Parakeet Psittacula longicauda longicauda
  • Drongo Cuckoo Surniculus lugubris
  • Chestnut-winged Cuckoo Clamator coromandus
  • Banded Bay Cuckoo Cacomantis sonneratii
  • Brush Cuckoo Cacomantis variolosus
  • Plaintive Cuckoo Cacomantis merulinus
  • Asian Emerald Cuckoo Chrysococcyx maculatus
  • Horsfield’s Bronze-Cuckoo Chrysococcyx basalis
  • Little Bronze-Cuckoo Chrysococcyx minutillus
  • Violet Cuckoo Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus
  • Bornean or Sunda Ground-Cuckoo Carpococcyx radiatus
  • Hodgson’s Hawk-Cuckoo Cuculus nisicolor
  • Indian Cuckoo Cuculus micropterus
  • Large Hawk-Cuckoo Cuculus sparverioides
  • Lesser Cuckoo Cuculus poliocephalus
  • Malaysian Hawk-Cuckoo Cuculus fugax
  • Moustached Hawk-Cuckoo Cuculus vagans
  • Oriental Cuckoo Cuculus saturatus
  • Black-bellied Malkoha Phaenicophaeus diardi
  • Chestnut-bellied Malkoha Phaenicophaeus sumatranus
  • Chestnut-breasted Malkoha Phaenicophaeus curvirostris
  • Green-billed Malkoha Phaenicophaeus tristis
  • Raffles’s Malkoha Phaenicophaeus chlorophaeus
  • Red-billed Malkoha Phaenicophaeus javanicus
  • Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis
  • Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis
  • Short-toed Coucal Centropus rectunguis
  • Asian or Common Koel Eudynamys scolopacea
  • Barn Owl Tyto alba javanica
  • Oriental Bay-Owl Phodilus badius badius
  • White-fronted Scops-Owl Otus sagittatus
  • Reddish Scops-Owl Otus rufescens rufescens; O.r.malayensis
  • Mountain Scops-Owl Otus spilocephalus vulpes; O.s.luciae
  • Oriental Scops-Owl Otus sunia malayanus
  • Rajah Scops-Owl Otus brookii brookii
  • Sunda Scops-Owl Otus lempiji lempiji; O.l.cnephaeus
  • Barred Eagle-Owl Bubo sumatranus sumatranus; B.s.tenuifasciatus
  • Dusky Eagle-Owl Bubo coromandus klossi
  • Buffy Fish-Owl Ketupa ketupu ketupu; K.k.pageli
  • Brown Fish-Owl Ketupa zeylonensis leschenault
  • Spotted Wood-Owl Strix seloputo seloputo
  • Brown Wood-Owl Strix leptogrammica vaga; S.l.maingayi
  • Collared Owlet Glaucidium brodiei brodiei
  • Brown Hawk-Owl or Boobook Ninox scutulata burmanica; N.s.borneensis
  • Northern Boobook  Ninox japonica
  • Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus flammeus
  • Large Frogmouth Batrachostomus auritus
  • Dulit Frogmouth Batrachostomus harterti
  • Gould’s Frogmouth Batrachostomus stellatus
  • Bornean Frogmouth Batrachostomus mixtus
  • Blyth’s Frogmouth Batrachostomus affinis
  • Sunda Frogmouth Batrachostomus cornutus cornutus
  • Malaysian Eared-Nightjar Eurostopodus temminckii
  • Great Eared-Nightjar Eurostopodus macrotis cerviniceps
  • Grey or Jungle Nightjar Caprimulgus indicus jotaka; C.i.hazarae
  • Large-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus macrurus bimaculatus; C.m.salvadorii
  • Indian Nightjar Caprimulgus asiaticus asiaticus
  • Savanna Nightjar Caprimulgus affinis
  • Bonaparte’s Nightjar Caprimulgus concretus
  • Waterfall Swift or Giant Swiftlet Hydrochous gigas
  • Glossy or White-bellied Swiftlet Collocalia esculenta cyanoptila
  • Cave or Linchi Swiftlet Collocalia linchi dodgei; C.l.ripleyi
  • Himalayan Swiftlet Aerodramus brevirostris innominata
  • Mossy-nest Swiftlet Aerodramus salanganus natunae
  • Black-nest Swiftlet Aerodramus maximus maximus; C.m.lowi
  • Edible-nest Swiftlet Aerodramus fuciphagus vestita; A.f.amechana
  • German’s or Pale-rumped Swiftlet Aerodramus germani
  • Silver-rumped Spinetail   Rhapidura leucopygialis
  • White-throated Needletail Hirundapus caudacutus
  • Silver-backed Needletail Hirundapus cochinchinensis
  • Brown-backed Needletail Hirundapus giganteus giganteus
  • Asian Palm-Swift Cypsiurus balasiensis infumatus
  • Pacific or Fork-tailed Swift  Apus pacificus pacificus; A.p.kanoi
  • House Swift Apus nipalensis subfurcatus
  • Grey-rumped Tree-Swift Hemiprocne longipennis harterti
  • Whiskered Tree-Swift Hemiprocne comata comata
  • Cinnamon-rumped Trogon Harpactes orrhophaeus
  • Diard’s Trogon Harpactes diardii
  • Orange-breasted Trogon Harpactes oreskios
  • Red-headed Trogon Harpactes erythrocephalus
  • Red-naped Trogon Harpactes kasumba
  • Scarlet-rumped Trogon Harpactes duvaucelii
  • Whitehead’s Trogon Harpactes whiteheadi
  • Green Broadbill Calyptomena viridis
  • Hose’s Broadbill Calyptomena hosii
  • Whitehead’s Broadbill Calyptomena whiteheadi
  • Dusky Broadbill Corydon sumatranus
  • Black-and-red Broadbill Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos
  • Banded Broadbill Eurylaimus javanicus
  • Black-and-yellow Broadbill Eurylaimus ochromalus
  • Long-tailed Broadbill Psarisomus dalhousiae
  • Silver-breasted Broadbill Serilophus lunatus
  • Banded Pitta Pitta guajana
  • Black-crowned or Graceful Pitta Pitta venusta
  • Blue-banded Pitta Pitta arquata
  • Blue-headed Pitta Pitta baudii
  • Blue-winged Pitta Pitta moluccensis
  • Fairy Pitta Pitta nympha
  • Garnet Pitta Pitta granatina
  • Giant Pitta Pitta caerulea
  • Hooded Pitta Pitta sordida
  • Mangrove Pitta Pitta megarhyncha
  • Rusty-naped Pitta Pitta oatesi
  • Common or Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops
  • Rufous-collared Kingfisher Actenoides concretus concretus; A.c.borneanus
  • Banded Kingfisher Lacedo pulchella pulchella; L.p.amabilis; L.p.melanops
  • Stork-billed Kingfisher Pelargopsis capensis malaccensis; P.c.cyanopteryx
  • Brown-winged Kingfisher Pelargopsis amauropterus
  • Ruddy Kingfisher Halcyon coromanda coromanda; H.c.major; H.c.minor
  • White-throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis fusca
  • Black-capped Kingfisher Halcyon pileata
  • Collared Kingfisher Todiramphus chloris laubmanniana; T.c.humii
  • Sacred Kingfisher Todiramphus sanctus sanctus
  • Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher Ceyx erithacus erithacus; C.e.motleyi
  • Rufous-backed Kingfisher Ceyx rufidorsa
  • Blue-banded Kingfisher Alcedo euryzona peninsulae
  • Blue-eared Kingfisher Alcedo meninting verreauxii
  • Common or River Kingfisher Alcedo atthis bengalensis
  • Red-bearded Bee-eater Nyctyornis amictus
  • Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus
  • Blue-throated Bee-eater Merops viridis viridis
  • Chestnut-headed Bee-eater Merops leschenaulti leschenaulti
  • Indian Roller Coracias benghalensis affinis
  • Dollarbird  Eurystomus orientalis orientalis; E.o.abundus
  • Papuan or Blyth’s Hornbill  Aceros plicatus
  • Plain-pouched Hornbill Aceros subruficollis
  • White-crowned Hornbill Aceros comatus
  • Wreathed Hornbill Aceros undulatus
  • Wrinkled Hornbill Aceros corrugatus
  • Bushy-crested Hornbill Anorrhinus galeritus
  • Black Hornbill Anthracoceros malayanus
  • Malabar Pied-Hornbill Anthracoceros coronatus
  • Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis
  • Helmeted Hornbill Buceros vigil
  • Rhinoceros Hornbill Buceros rhinoceros
  • Malaysian Honeyguide Indicator archipelagicus
  • Brown Barbet Calorhamphus fuliginosus
  • Black-browed Barbet Megalaima oorti
  • Blue-eared Barbet Megalaima australis
  • Bornean Barbet Megalaima eximia
  • Coppersmith Barbet Megalaima haemacephala
  • Golden-naped Barbet Megalaima pulcherrima
  • Golden-throated Barbet Megalaima franklinii
  • Gold-whiskered Barbet Megalaima chrysopogon
  • Lineated Barbet Megalaima lineata
  • Mountain Barbet Megalaima monticola
  • Red-crowned Barbet Megalaima rafflesii
  • Red-throated Barbet Megalaima mystacophanos
  • Yellow-crowned Barbet Megalaima henricii
  • Fire-tufted Barbet Psilopogon pyrolophus
  • Speckled Piculet Picumnus innominatus malayorum
  • Rufous Piculet  Sasia abnormis abnormis
  • Brown-capped Woodpecker Dendrocopos moluccensis moluccensis
  • Grey-capped Woodpecker Dendrocopos canicapillus auritus; D.c.aurantiiventris
  • Rufous Woodpecker Celeus brachyurus squamigularis; C.b.badiosus
  • White-bellied Woodpecker Dryocopus javensis javensis
  • Banded Woodpecker Picus mineaceus malaccensis
  • Lesser Yellownape Picus chlorolophus rodgersi
  • Crimson-winged Woodpecker Picus puniceus observandus
  • Greater Yellownape Picus flavinucha wrayi
  • Checker-throated Woodpecker Picus mentalis humii
  • Streak-breasted Woodpecker Picus viridanus
  • Laced Woodpecker  Picus vittatus
  • Grey-headed or faced Woodpecker Picus canus robinsoni
  • Olive-backed Woodpecker Dinopium rafflesii rafflesii; D.r.dulitense
  • Common Flameback Dinopium javanense javanense
  • Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus chersonesus
  • Bamboo Woodpecker Gecinulus viridis
  • Maroon Woodpecker Blythipicus rubiginosus
  • Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis cameroni
  • Orange-backed Woodpecker Reinwardtipicus validus xanthopygius
  • Buff-rumped Woodpecker Meiglyptes tristis grammithorax
  • Buff-necked Woodpecker Meiglyptes tukki tukki
  • Grey-and-buff Woodpecker Hemicircus concretus sordidus
  • Great Slaty Woodpecker Mulleripicus pulverulentus pulverulentus
  • Oriental or Small Skylark Alauda gulgula
  • Australasian Lark Mirafra javanica
  • Sand Martin or Bank Swallow Riparia riparia ijimae
  • Dusky Crag-Martin Hirundo concolor sintaungensis
  • Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica gutturalis
  • Pacific Swallow Hirundo tahitica abbotti; H.t.javanica
  • Red-rumped Swallow  Hirundo daurica
  • Striated Swallow Hirundo striolata striolata; H.s.badia
  • Asian House-Martin Delichon dasypus dasypus
  • Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
  • White Wagtail Motacilla alba
  • Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis alascensis
  • Forest Wagtail Dendronanthus indicus
  • Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni
  • Pechora Pipit Anthus gustavi
  • Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus
  • Finsch’s Bulbul Alophoixus finschii
  • Grey-cheeked Bulbul Alophoixus bres
  • Ochraceous Bulbul Alophoixus ochraceus
  • Yellow-bellied Bulbul Alophoixus phaeocephalus
  • Ashy Bulbul Hemixos flavala
  • Hairy-backed Bulbul  Tricholestes criniger
  • Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii
  • Streaked Bulbul Ixos malaccensis
  • Black-and-white Bulbul Pycnonotus melanoleucos
  • Black-crested Bulbul Pycnonotus melanicterus
  • Black-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus atriceps
  • Cream-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus simplex
  • Flavescent Bulbul Pycnonotus flavescens
  • Grey-bellied Bulbul Pycnonotus cyaniventris
  • Olive-winged Bulbul Pycnonotus plumosus
  • Puff-backed Bulbul Pycnonotus eutilotus
  • Red-eyed Bulbul Pycnonotus brunneus
  • Red-whiskered Bulbul  Pycnonotus jocosus
  • Scaly-breasted Bulbul Pycnonotus squamatus
  • Spectacled Bulbul Pycnonotus erythropthalmos
  • Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus
  • Streak-eared Bulbul  Pycnonotus blanfordi
  • Stripe-throated Bulbul  Pycnonotus finlaysoni
  • Yellow-vented Bulbul  Pycnonotus goiavier
  • Hook-billed Bulbul Setornis criniger
  • Buff-vented Bulbul Iole olivacea
  • Pied Triller  Lalage nigra
  • Ashy Minivet Pericrocotus divaricatus
  • Fiery Minivet Pericrocotus igneus
  • Grey-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris
  • Scarlet Minivet Pericrocotus flammeus
  • Asian Fairy-Bluebird Irena puella
  • Blue-winged Leafbird Chloropsis cochinchinensis
  • Golden-fronted Leafbird Chloropsis aurifrons
  • Greater Green Leafbird Chloropsis sonnerati
  • Lesser Green Leafbird Chloropsis cyanopogon
  • Orange-bellied Leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii
  • Common Iora Aegithina tiphia
  • Great Iora  Aegithina lafresnayei
  • Green Iora Aegithina viridissima
  • Rufous-headed Robin Luscinia ruficeps
  • Siberian Blue Robin Luscinia cyane
  • Siberian Rubythroat Luscinia calliope
  • White-tailed Robin Cinclidium leucurum leucurum
  • Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis
  • White-crowned Shama Copsychus stricklandii
  • White-rumped Shama Copsychus malabaricus
  • Red-flanked Bluetail or Orange-flanked Bush-Robin Tarsiger cyanurus
  • Rufous-tailed Shama  Trichixos pyrropyga
  • Pied Bushchat Saxicola caprata
  • Siberian Stonechat Saxicola maura
  • Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe
  • White-throated Rock-Thrush  Monticola gularis
  • Blue Rock-Thrush Monticola solitarius pandoo; M.s.philippensis; M.s.madoci
  • Sunda Whistling-Thrush Myophonus glaucinus borneensis
  • Malayan Whistling-Thrush Myophonus robinsoni
  • Blue Whistling-Thrush Myophonus caeruleus crassirostris; M.c.dicrorhynchus
  • Chestnut-capped Thrush Zoothera interpres interpres
  • Orange-headed Thrush Zoothera citrina innotata; Z.c.gibsonhilli; Z.c.aurata
  • Everett’s Thrush Zoothera everetti
  • Siberian Thrush  Zoothera sibirica sibirica; Z.s.davisoni
  • White’s or Scaly Thrush  Zoothera dauma
  • Island Thrush Turdus poliocephalus seebohmi
  • Eyebrowed Thrush Turdus obscurus
  • Lesser Shortwing Brachypteryx leucophrys
  • White-browed Shortwing Brachypteryx montana
  • Black-breasted Fruit-hunter Chlamydochaera jefferyi
  • Chestnut-naped Forktail Enicurus ruficapillus
  • Slaty-backed Forktail Enicurus schistaceus
  • White-crowned Forktail Enicurus leschenaulti
  • Bornean Whistler Pachycephala hypoxantha
  • Mangrove Whistler Pachycephala grisola
  • Bornean Stubtail Urosphena whiteheadi
  • Lanceolated Warbler Locustella lanceolata
  • Pallas’s Grasshopper-Warbler  Locustella certhiola certhiola
  • Middendorff’s Grasshopper-Warbler Locustella ochotensis ochotensis
  • Black-browed Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus bistrigiceps
  • Oriental Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis
  • Clamorous Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus stentoreus lentecaptus
  • Thick-billed Warbler  Acrocephalus aedon
  • Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis malaya
  • Golden-headed or Bright-capped Cisticola Cisticola exilis rustica
  • Hill Prinia Prinia atrogularis waterstradti
  • Rufescent Prinia Prinia rufescens extrema
  • Yellow-bellied Prinia Prinia flaviventris rafflesi; P.f.latrunculus
  • Mountain Tailorbird Orthotomus cuculatus malayanus; O.c.cinereicollis
  • Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius maculicollis
  • Dark-necked Tailorbird Orthotomus atrogularis atrogularis; O.a.anambensis; O.a.humphreysi
  • Rufous-tailed Tailorbird Orthotomus sericeus sericeus; O.s.hesperius
  • Ashy Tailorbird Orthotomus ruficeps cineraceus; O.r.borneoensis
  • Radde’s Warbler  Phylloscopus schwarzi
  • Inornate or Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus
  • Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis borealis; P.b.xanthodryas; P.b.kennicotti
  • Pale-legged Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus tenellipes
  • Eastern Crowned Warbler Phylloscopus coronatus
  • Mountain Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus trivirgatus trivirgatus; P.y.parvitostris
  • Chestnut-crowned Warbler Seicercus castaniceps butleri
  • Yellow-breasted Warbler Seicercus montis montis; S.m.davisoni
  • Yellow-bellied Warbler Abroscopus superciliaris sakaiorum; A.s.schwaneri
  • Golden-bellied Gerygone Gerygone sulphurea
  • Grey-headed Canary-Flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis
  • Blue-and-white Flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana
  • Blue-throated Flycatcher Cyornis rubeculoides
  • Bornean Blue-Flycatcher Cyornis superbus
  • Hill Blue-Flycatcher Cyornis banyumas
  • Malaysian Blue-Flycatcher Cyornis turcosus
  • Mangrove Blue-Flycatcher Cyornis rufigastra
  • Pale Blue-Flycatcher Cyornis unicolor
  • Rueck’s Blue-Flycatcher Cyornis ruckii
  • Tickell’s Blue-Flycatcher  Cyornis tickelliae
  • White-tailed Flycatcher Cyornis concretus
  • Indigo Flycatcher Eumyias indigo
  • Verditer Flycatcher Eumyias thalassina
  • Chinese Flycatcher Ficedula elisae
  • Little Pied-Flycatcher Ficedula westermanni
  • Mugimaki Flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki
  • Narcissus Flycatcher Ficedula narcissina
  • Red-breasted Flycatcher Ficedula parva
  • Rufous-browed Flycatcher Ficedula solitaris
  • Rufous-chested Flycatcher Ficedula dumetoria
  • Snowy-browed Flycatcher Ficedula hyperythra
  • Taiga Flycatcher Ficedula albicilla
  • Yellow-rumped or Tricolour Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia
  • Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea
  • Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa dauurica
  • Brown-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa williamsoni
  • Ferruginous Flycatcher Muscicapa ferruginea
  • Pygmy Blue-Flycatcher Muscicapella hodgsoni
  • Large Niltava Niltava grandis
  • Rufous-vented Niltava Niltava sumatrana
  • Maroon-breasted Philentoma Philentoma velatum
  • Rufous-winged Philentoma Philentoma pyrhopterum
  • Brown-chested Jungle-Flycatcher Rhinomyias brunneata
  • Eyebrowed Jungle-Flycatcher Rhinomyias gularis
  • Grey-chested Jungle-Flycatcher Rhinomyias umbratilis
  • Fulvous-chested Jungle-Flycatcher Rhinomyias olivacea
  • White-browed Jungle-Flycatcher Rhinomyias insignis
  • Asian Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi
  • Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone atrocaudata
  • Pied Fantail  Rhipidura javanica
  • Spotted Fantail Rhipidura perlata
  • White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis
  • Pygmy White-eye Oculocincta squamifrons
  • Black-capped White-eye Zosterops atricapillus
  • Everett’s White-eye  Zosterops everetti
  • Javan White-eye Zosterops flavus
  • Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus
  • Bornean Bristlehead Pityriasis gymnocephala
  • Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis saturatior; S.f.corallipes
  • Blue Nuthatch Sitta azurea expectata
  • Great Tit Parus major ambiguus; P.m.sarawacensis
  • Sultan Tit Melanochlora sultanea flavocristata
  • Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus
  • Long-tailed or Rosy-patched Shrike Lanius schach
  • Tiger or Thick-billed Shrike Lanius tigrinus
  • Large Wood-Shrike  Tephrodornis gularis
  • Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus
  • Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus hirundinaceus
  • Bar-bellied Cuckoo-Shrike Coracina striata
  • Javan Cuckoo-Shrike Coracina javensis
  • Lesser Cuckoo-Shrike Coracina fimbriata
  • Sunda Cuckoo-Shrike Coracina larvata
  • Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus
  • Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus
  • Bronzed Drongo Dicrurus aeneus
  • Crow-billed Drongo Dicrurus annectans
  • Greater Racket-tailed Drongo  Dicrurus paradiseus
  • Hair-crested Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus
  • Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus remifer
  • Black-throated Babbler  Stachyris nigricollis
  • Chestnut-rumped Babbler  Stachyris maculata
  • Chestnut-winged Babbler Stachyris erythroptera
  • Golden Babbler Stachyris chrysaea
  • Grey-headed Babbler Stachyris poliocephala
  • Grey-throated Babbler  Stachyris nigriceps
  • Rufous-fronted Babbler Stachyris rufifrons
  • White-necked Babbler Stachyris leucotis
  • Ferruginous Babbler Trichastoma bicolor
  • White-chested Babbler Trichastoma rostratum
  • Black-capped Babbler Pellorneum capistratum
  • Buff-breasted Babbler Pellorneum tickelli
  • Puff-throated Babbler Pellorneum ruficeps
  • Temminck’s Babbler Pellorneum pyrrogenys
  • Abbott’s Babbler Malacocincla abbotti
  • Horsfield’s Babbler Malacocincla sepiarium
  • Short-tailed Babbler Malacocincla malaccensis
  • Grey-breasted Babbler  Malacopteron albogulare
  • Moustached Babbler Malacopteron magnirostre
  • Rufous-crowned Babbler Malacopteron magnum
  • Scaly-crowned Babbler Malacopteron cinereum
  • Sooty-capped Babbler Malacopteron affine
  • White-hooded Babbler Gampsorhynchus rufulus
  • Malaysian Rail-babbler Eupetes macrocerus
  • Chestnut-backed Scimitar-Babbler Pomatorhinus montanus
  • Large Scimitar-Babbler Pomatorhinus hypoleucos
  • Striped Wren-Babbler Kenopia striata
  • Black-throated Wren-Babbler Napothera atrigularis
  • Eyebrowed Wren-Babbler Napothera epilepidota
  • Large Wren-Babbler Napothera macrodactyla
  • Marbled Wren-Babbler Napothera marmorata
  • Mountain Wren-Babbler Napothera crassa
  • Streaked Wren-Babbler  Napothera brevicaudata
  • Pygmy Wren-Babbler Pnoepyga pusilla
  • Bornean Wren-Babbler Ptilocichla leucogrammica
  • Fluffy-backed Tit-Babbler Macronous ptilosus
  • Striped Tit-Babbler Macronous gularis
  • Black-eared Shrike-Babbler Pteruthius melanotis
  • White-browed Shrike-Babbler Pteruthius flaviscapis
  • Brown Fulvetta Alcippe brunneicauda
  • Mountain Fulvetta Alcippe peracensis
  • Rufous-winged Fulvetta Alcippe castaneceps
  • Cutia Cutia nipalensis
  • Black Laughingthrush Garrulax lugubris
  • Chestnut-capped Laughingthrush Garrulax mitratus
  • Chestnut-crowned Laughingthrush Garrulax erythrocephalus
  • Sunda Laughingthrush Garrulax palliatus
  • Long-tailed Sibia Heterophasia picaoides
  • Silver-eared Mesia or Leiothrix Leiothrix argentauris
  • Chestnut-crested Yuhina Yuhina everetti
  • White-bellied Yuhina Yuhina zantholeuca
  • Blue-winged Minla Minla cyanouroptera
  • Chestnut-tailed Minla Minla strigula
  • Crested Jay  Platylophus galericulatus ardesiacus; P.g.coronatus
  • Black Magpie Platysmurus leucopterus leucopterus; P.l.aterrimus
  • Green or Common Green Magpie Cissa chinensis minor; C.c.robinsoni
  • Short-tailed Magpie Cissa thalassina jefferyi
  • Bornean Treepie Dendrocitta cinerascens
  • Racket-tailed Treepie Crypsirina temia
  • House Crow Corvus splendens (introduced)
  • Slender-billed Crow Corvus enca compilator
  • Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos macrorhynchos
  • Asian Glossy Starling Aplonis panayensis strigata
  • Golden-crested Myna Ampeliceps coronatus
  • Hill Myna Gracula religiosa religiosa
  • Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus (introduced)
  • Jungle Myna Acridotheres fuscus torquatus
  • Common or Indian Myna  Acridotheres tristis
  • Vinous-breasted Starling Sturnus burmannicus
  • Purple-backed or Daurian Starling Sturnus sturninus
  • Chestnut-cheeked Starling Sturnus philippensis
  • White-shouldered or Grey-backed Starling Sturnus sinensis
  • Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker Prionochilus maculatus oblitus
  • Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker Prionochilus percussus ignicapillus
  • Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker Prionochilus xanthopygius
  • Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker Prionochilus thoracicus
  • Thick-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum agile modestum
  • Brown-backed Flowerpecker Dicaeum everetti everetti
  • Yellow-vented Flowerpecker Dicaeum chrysorrheum chrysorrheum
  • Orange-bellied Flowerpecker Dicaeum trigonostigma trigonostigma; D.t.dayakanum
  • Plain Flowerpecker Dicaeum concolor borneanum; D.c.olivaceum
  • Fire-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum ignipectus dolichorhynchum
  • Black-sided Flowerpecker Dicaeum monticolum
  • Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker Dicaeum cruentatum ignitum; D.c.nigrimentum
  • Ruby-cheeked Sunbird  Anthreptes singalensis singalensis; A.s.borneana
  • Plain Sunbird Anthreptes simplex
  • Plain-throated Sunbird Anthreptes malacensis malacensis; A.m.borneensis
  • Red-throated Sunbird Anthreptes rhodolaema
  • Purple-naped Sunbird Hypogramma hypogrammicum hypogrammicum; H.h.nuchale
  • Purple-throated Sunbird Nectarinia sperata brasiliana
  • Copper-throated Sunbird  Nectarinia calcostetha
  • Olive-backed or Yellow-bellied Sunbird Nectarinia jugularis flammaxillaris; N.j.ornatus
  • Black-throated Sunbird Aethopyga saturata wrayi
  • Crimson Sunbird Aethopyga siparaja siparaja
  • Scarlet or Javan Sunbird Aethopyga mystacalis
  • Temminck’s Sunbird Aethopyga temminckii
  • Little Spiderhunter Arachnothera longirostra buettikoferi; A.l.cinereicollis
  • Thick-billed Spiderhunter Arachnothera crassirostris
  • Long-billed Spiderhunter Arachnothera robusta robusta
  • Spectacled Spiderhunter Arachnothera flavigaster
  • Yellow-eared Spiderhunter Arachnothera chrysogenys chrysogenys
  • Grey-breasted Spiderhunter Arachnothera modesta modesta
  • Bornean Spiderhunter Arachnothera everetti
  • Streaked Spiderhunter Arachnothera magna magna
  • Whitehead’s Spiderhunter Arachnothera juliae
  • Black Oriole Oriolus hosii
  • Black-and-crimson Oriole Oriolus cruentus
  • Black-hooded Oriole Oriolus xanthornus
  • Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis
  • Dark-throated Oriole Oriolus xanthonotus
  • White-breasted Woodswallow Artamus leucorynchus
  • Plain-backed or Pegu Sparrow  Passer flaveolus
  • Eurasian Tree-Sparrow Passer montanus malaccensis
  • Brown Bullfinch Pyrrhula nipalensis waterstradti
  • Red Avadavat or Munia Amandava amandava (introduced)
  • Tawny-breasted or Green-tailed Parrot-Finch Erythrura hyperythra malayana
  • Pin-tailed Parrot-Finch Erythrura prasina prasina; E.p.coelica
  • Green-faced Parrot-Finch Erythrura viridifacies
  • White-rumped Munia Lonchura striata subsquamicollis
  • Dusky Munia Lonchura fuscans
  • Scaly-breasted Munia or Nutmeg Mannikin Lonchura punctulata fretensis
  • White-bellied Munia Lonchura leucogastra leucogastra; L.l.palawana
  • Indian Black-headed or Chestnut Munia  Lonchura malacca sinensis; L.m.jagori
  • White-headed Munia Lonchura maja
  • Java Sparrow Lonchura oryzivora (introduced)
  • Baya Weaver Ploceus philippinus
  • Chestnut-eared or Grey-headed Bunting Emberiza fucata
  • Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla
  • Yellow-breasted Bunting Emberiza aureola